Trade Stock Indices

Learn Stock Indices Trading

Indices Trading Market Hours and The 3 Major Indices Sessions

New York Close Charts - London Close Charts - Tokyo Close Charts - New York, London and Tokyo Indices Trading Market Sessions

The Indices trading is a 24 hours market; it opens on Sunday night (5 PM EST) and closes on Friday afternoon (4PM EST) - open 5 and a half days a week.


However, even though the Indices trading market is open 24 hours a day, as an investor you need to realize that certain times of day are more suitable than others in order to devise an effective and time-efficient indices trading strategy.

To maximize the number of trading opportunities during these Indices hours, it is important to be aware of the times when the indices trading market is busiest. This is the time that most indices trading transaction activity occurs.


Even though there is no official open and close time during the week, it can be broken up into 3 major Indices sessions - Tokyo, London and New York sessions.


However, although it seems not to be very important at the beginning, the right time to trade is one of the most crucial points required to be a successful investor.


The best time is when the indices trading market is most active and therefore has the biggest volume of transactions. A more active market creates a good chance to make some profit while a calm and slow one is literally a waste of time - turn off your computer and don't even bother trading indices trading at this time.


Not all the times are suitable, that's because the volatility changes too much during the 24 hours. Below is a table outlining the schedule of Indices Sessions. The time used is GMT 0


Indices Trading Market Hours Trading Chart

The 3 major sessions are:

  1. Asian Session Hours( Tokyo ): 00:00 - 9:00 GMT
  2. European Session Hours( London ): 7:00 - 17:00 GMT
  3. U.S. Session Hours( New York ): 13:00 - 22:00 GMT



Indices Sessions Overlaps - Best Trading Times

There are hours when two sessions are overlapped:

London + Tokyo overlap - 7:00 - 9:00 GMT


New York + London overlap - 13:00 - 17:00 GMT


At these overlapping market hours you will find the highest volume of indices trading transactions and therefore more chances to win during these hours.


This means that the lion share of indices trading transactions is happening between the London session and US sessions. Naturally this is the best time to make profits.



The indices trading prices moves a lot during the New York and London Sessions because Multinational companies, hedge funds, managed funds and banks are open for transacting.


Multinationals will transact indices trading instruments during this time to facilitate international business transactions and commerce, hedge funds and managed funds will trade indices trading instruments for investment purposes, banks on the other hand will exchange a lot of money on behalf of their clients, maybe tourists wanting to travel around the globe or just anyone wanting to exchange money so as to buy something in another country or make some transaction.


This makes the indices trading market very liquid at this time and the high volume of transactions means that indices trading prices move a lot. at this time the indices trading charts will generally move in particular direction and form a short term trend.


As a indices trader you also want to join in when everyone is placing their indices trading orders as this is the time there is enough liquidity and many good opportunities to make money, and because there is a lot of liquidity the indices trading price movement will generally be more predictable unlike when there is little liquidity and the indices trading price movement becomes unpredictable and the indices prices can move in a range bound with no particular direction.


Once you trade indices for a while you will get to know that is easier to make money when the indices trading market is moving up or moving down, unlike when it is in a range.


Asian Session Characteristics:
  1. Least volatile of the three sessions
  2. Account for 15% of daily transaction turnover
  3. Typical 20 -30 pip moves


European Session Characteristics:
  1. Most volatile of the three sessions
  2. 35% of daily transaction volume
  3. Typical 90 -150 pip moves


US Session Characteristics:
  1. 2nd most volatile of the three sessions
  2. Accounts for 25% of daily turnover
  3. Focuses on US economic news


US and Europe Session Overlaps Characteristics:
  1. Combines the two most volatile trading sessions
  2. Accounts for 60% of total daily transaction turnover
  3. Focuses on USA and European economic news
  4. Fast moving indices trading prices and indices trading instrument trends in a particular direction
  5. Typical 100 -150 pip moves for major indices trading instruments


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