# Draw Down and Maximum Draw-down

In business in order to make a profit one must learn how to manage risks. To make profits in trading you need to learn about the various indices trading money management strategies discussed on this learn Indices guide web site.

When it comes to trading, the risks to be managed are potential losses. Using indices trading money management rules will not only protect your indices trading account but also make you profitable in the long run.

## Draw-down

As traders the number one risk is known as **draw-down** - this is the amount of money you've lost in your stock indices trading account on a single indices trading transaction.

If you have $10,000 capital and you make a loss in a single trade of $500, then your drawdown is $500 divided by $10,000 which is 5% draw-down.

## Maximum Draw-down

This is the total amount of money you've lost in your stock indices trading account before you begin making profitable trades. For example if you have $10,000 capital and make 5 consecutive losing trade positions with a total of $1,500 loss before making 10 winning trades with a total of $4,000 profit. Then the draw down is $1,500 divided by $10,000, which is 15% maximum draw-down.

**DrawDown is $442.82 (4.40%)**

**Maximum Draw-Down is $1,499.39 (13.56 %)**

To learn how to generate the above reports using MT4 platform: Generate Reports on MetaTrader 4 Tutorial

## Indices Trading Money Management

The example explained below shows the difference between risking a small percentage of your capital compared to risking a higher percent. Good investment principles requires you as a not to risk more than 2% of your total account equity.

**Percent Risk Technique**

**2% & 10% Risk Rule**

There's a big difference between risking 2% of your **equity** compared to risking 10% of your equity on a single transaction.

If you happened to go through a losing streak & lost only 20 trades in a row, you would have gone from starting trading account balance of **$50,000** to having only **$6,750** left in your account if you risked** 10%** on each trade. You would have lost over **87.5%** of your equity.

However, if you risked only **2%** you would have still had **$34,055 **which is only a **32 %** loss of your total equity. This is why it is best to use the 2% risk management strategy

The difference between risking **2%** and **10%** is that if you risked **2 %** you would still have **$34,055after 20 losing trades**.

However, if you risked **10%** you would only have **$32,805** after only **5 losing trades** that's less than what you would have if you risked only **2%** of your account & **lost all 20 trades**.

The point is that you want to setup your rules so that when you do have a loss making period, you'll still have enough capital to trade next time.

If you lost **87.5%** of your capital you would have to make** 640%** profit to get back to break even.

As compared to if you lost **32%** of your capital you would have to make **47 %** profit to get back to break-even. To compare it with the examples** 47%** is much easier to breakeven than **640%** is.

Chart below shows what percent you would have to make to get back to break even if you were to lose a certain percent of your capital.

**Concept of Break Even**

**Account Equity and Break Even**

At 50% draw-down, one would have to earn **100%** on their invested capital - a feat accomplished by less than 5% of all traders worldwide - just to break even on an account with a **50% loss**.

At 80% draw-down, one must quadruple their equity just to bring it back to its original equity. This is what is called to** "breakeven**" i.e. Get back to your original trading account balance that you deposited.

**The more you lose, the harder it is to make it back to your original account size.**

This is the reason why you should do everything you can to PROTECT your equity. Don't accept to lose more than 2% of your equity on any 1 single transaction.

Indices trading money management is about only risking a small percent of your capital in each transaction so that you can survive your losing streaks & avoid a large draw-down on your account.

In Indices, traders use stop loss stock indices orders which are put in order to minimize losses. Controlling risks it involves putting a stop loss order after placing an order.

# Effective Risk Management

Effective risk management requires controlling all the trading risks. A trader should create a clear indices trading money management system and a plan. To be in Indices or any other business you must make decisions involving some risk. All factors should be measured to keep risk to a minimum and use the above tips on this article.

**Ask yourself? Some Tips**

1. Can the risks to your investing activities be identified, what forms do they take? and are they clearly understood and planned for? All the risks should be taken care of in your Indices plan.

2. Do you grade the risks faced by you when trading in a structured way? - Do you have a trading plan? - have you read about this course which is extensively covered discussed here on this Site.

3. Do you know the maximum potential risk of each exposure for each transaction that you place?

4. Are decisions made on the basis of reliable and timely information & based on a strategy or not? Have you read about indices trading systems here on this web site guide tutorials.

5. Are the risks big in relation to the turnover of your invested capital and what impact could they have on your profits margins & your margin requirements?

6. Over what trading time periods do the risks of your trading activities exist? - Do you hold trades long-term or short-term? what type of trader are you?

7. Are the exposures a one-off or are they recurring?

8. Do you know enough about the ways in which your Indices risks can be reduced or hedged and what it would cost if you did not include these measures to reduce potential loss, & what impact would it make to any upside of your profit?

9. Have your rules been adequately addressed, to ensure that you make and keep your profits.